Joris Ivens (Netherlands)

Joris Ivens, byname of Georg Henri Anton Ivens, (born November 18, 1898, Nijmegen, Netherlands—died June 28, 1989, Paris, France), Dutch motion-picture director who filmed more than 50 international documentaries that explored leftist social and political concerns.

Ivens, who was educated at the Rotterdam (Netherlands) School of Economics (1916–17, 1920–21), served as a field artillery lieutenant in World War I and later studied photochemistry in Germany (1922–23). In 1926 he returned to Amsterdam and joined the family business, but he left after receiving acclaim for two of his films, De Brug (1928; The Bridge) and Regen (1929; Rain). His successes resulted in an invitation to lecture in the Soviet Union (1930), where he made Komsomol (1932; Song of Heroes), which featured Communist youths who built blast furnaces.

In the Borinage area of Belgium he filmed Misère au Borinage (1933; Borinage), a depiction of a miner’s strike. In Spain with the writer Ernest Hemingway he made The Spanish Earth (1937), an anti-Franco report on the Spanish Civil War. In China he produced The Four Hundred Million (1938), a documentary on the Sino-Japanese War. At the invitation of the U.S. government, he filmed The Power and the Land (1940), about the New Deal’s rural electrification program, followed by Our Russian Front (1941). In 1944 he was named film commissioner for the Dutch East Indies, but he resigned in protest against Dutch colonialism and made the pro-independence film Indonesia Calling (1946), provoking Dutch authorities to temporarily rescind his passport and then require that it be renewed every few months; he reportedly did not receive a standard three-year passport until 1961. His later films included How Yukong Moves the Mountain (1976) and Une Histoire du vent (1988; A Tale of the Wind).

Filmography

  • De wigwam / The Flaming Arrow
    1911
  • O, Sunland
    1922
  • The Sunhouse
    1925
  • Film Sketchbook
    1927
  • The Sick Town
    1927
  • Instruction Films Micro Camera, University Leiden
    1927
  • Movement Studies in Paris
    1927
  • Filmstudy Zeedijk
    1927
  • The Street
    1927
  • Ice Skating
    1927
  • The Bridge
    1928
  • Rain
    1929
  • Breakers
    1929
  • Poor Drenthe (The Misery in the Peat-mores of Drenthe)
    1929
  • Pile Diving
    1929
  • Zonneland
    1930
  • We are building
    1930
  • Second Union Film
    1930
  • Zuiderzee
    1930
  • Tribune Film
    1930
  • Concrete Construction
    1930
  • Donogoo-Tonka
    1931
  • Philips Radio
    1931
  • Creosote
    1932
  • Komsomol, (Song of Heroes)
    1932
  • New Earth
    1933
  • Borinage
    1934
  • The Spanish Earth
    1937
  • The 400 Million
    1938
  • New Frontiers
    1940
  • Power and the Land
    1940
  • Our Russian Front
    1942
  • Action Stations
    1943
  • Corvette Port Arthur
    1943
  • Indonesia Calling
    1946
  • The First Years
    1948
  • Friendship Triumphs
    1952
  • Peace Tour 1952
    1952
  • Chagall
    1952-1960
  • The Song of the Rivers
    1954
  • My Child
    1956
  • The Windrose / Rose of the Winds
    1957
  • The war of the 600 Million People
    1958
  • Letters from China
    1958
  • L'Italia non è un paese povero
    1960
  • Demain à Nanguila
    1960
  • Carnet de viaje
    1961
  • Pueblo en armas
    1961
  • A Valparaíso
    1962
  • Le petit chapiteau
    1963
  • Le train de la victoire
    1964
  • Le mistral
    1965
  • Rotterdam Europort
    1966
  • Le ciel - La terre
    1967
  • Far from Vietnam
    1967
  • Une histoire de ballon
    1967
  • 17th Parallel
    1967
  • Le people et ses fusills
    1970
  • How Yukong Moved the Mountains
    1976
  • Les ouigours
    1977
  • Les Kazaks
    1977
  • The Drugstore
    1980
  • A Tale of the Wind
    1988

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