Chris Marker (France)

Chris Marker was born Christian François Bouche-Villeneuve, in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, July 29, 1921. In World War II he joined the Maquis (FTP). After the war he began to write and make films. He traveled to many socialist countries and documented what he saw in films and books. Les statues meurent aussi (1953) which he codirected with Alain Resnais was one of the first anticolonial films. He became known internationally for the short film La Jetée (1962). It tells of a post-nuclear war experiment in time travel by using a series of filmed photographs developed as a photomontage of varying pace with limited narration and sound effects. This film was the inspiration for Mamoru Oshii's debut live action feature The Red Spectacles (1987) (later for Avalon) and also inspired Terry Gilliam's Twelve Monkeys (1995).
In 1982 Marker finished Sans Soleil, stretching the limits of what could be called a documentary. It is an essay, a montage, mixing pieces of documentary with fiction and philosophical comments, creating an atmosphere of dream and science fiction. The main themes are Japan, Africa, (the erasing of) memory and travel. A sequence in the middle of the film takes place in San Francisco, and heavily references Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo.
Beginning with Sans Soleil he developed a deep interest in digital technology, which led to his film Level 5 (1996) and Immemory (1998, 2008), an interactive multimedia CD-ROM, produced for the Centre Pompidou (French language version) and from Exact Change (English version). Marker created a 19 minute multimedia piece in 2005 for The Museum of Modern Art in New York titled Owls at Noon Prelude: The Hollow Men which was influenced by T. S. Eliot's poem.

Filmography

  • Olympia 52
    1952
  • Les Statues meurent aussi – together with Alainem Resnais
    1953
  • Dimanche à Pekin
    1956
  • Lettre de Sibérie
    1957
  • Les Astronautes - together with Walerian Borowczyk
    1959
  • Description d'un combat
    1960
  • ¡Cuba Sí!
    1961
  • La Jetée / The Pier
    1962
  • Le Joli mai
    1963
  • Le Mystère Koumiko
    1965
  • Si j'avais quatre dromadaires
    1966
  • Loin du Vietnam
    1967
  • Rhodiacéta
    1967
  • La Sixième face du pentagone – together with François Reichenbach
    1968
  • À bientôt, j'espère
    1968
  • On vous parle du Brésil
    1969
  • Jour de tournage
    1969
  • Les Mots ont un sens
    1970
  • Carlos Marighela
    1970
  • Le Train en marche
    1971
  • La Bataille des dix millions
    1971
  • On vous parle de Prague: le deuxième procès d'Artur London
    1971
  • Vive la baleine
    1972
  • L'Ambassade
    1973
  • La Solitude du chanteur de fond
    1974
  • Le Fond de l'air est rouge
    1977
  • Junkopia
    1981
  • Sans soleil / Sunless
    1983
  • 2084
    1984
  • From Chris to Christo
    1985
  • A.K.
    1985
  • Mémoires pour Simone
    1986
  • L'Héritage de la chouette
    1989
  • Berliner Ballade
    1990
  • Le Facteur sonne toujours cheval
    1992
  • Le Tombeau d'Alexandre
    1993
  • Level Five
    1997
  • Cinéma de notre temps: une journée d'Andrei Arsenevitch
    2000
  • Le Souvenir d'un avenir
    2001
  • Chats perchés / The Case of the Grinning Cat
    2004
  • Leila Attacks
    2006
  • Stopover In Dubai
    2011

Doc Alliance Members

Doc Alliance is a creative partnership of 7 key European documentary film festivals. Our aim is to advance the documentary genre, support its diversity and promote quality creative documentary films.