Chris Marker (France)

Chris Marker was born Christian François Bouche-Villeneuve, in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, July 29, 1921. In World War II he joined the Maquis (FTP). After the war he began to write and make films. He traveled to many socialist countries and documented what he saw in films and books. Les statues meurent aussi (1953) which he codirected with Alain Resnais was one of the first anticolonial films. He became known internationally for the short film La Jetée (1962). It tells of a post-nuclear war experiment in time travel by using a series of filmed photographs developed as a photomontage of varying pace with limited narration and sound effects. This film was the inspiration for Mamoru Oshii's debut live action feature The Red Spectacles (1987) (later for Avalon) and also inspired Terry Gilliam's Twelve Monkeys (1995).
In 1982 Marker finished Sans Soleil, stretching the limits of what could be called a documentary. It is an essay, a montage, mixing pieces of documentary with fiction and philosophical comments, creating an atmosphere of dream and science fiction. The main themes are Japan, Africa, (the erasing of) memory and travel. A sequence in the middle of the film takes place in San Francisco, and heavily references Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo.
Beginning with Sans Soleil he developed a deep interest in digital technology, which led to his film Level 5 (1996) and Immemory (1998, 2008), an interactive multimedia CD-ROM, produced for the Centre Pompidou (French language version) and from Exact Change (English version). Marker created a 19 minute multimedia piece in 2005 for The Museum of Modern Art in New York titled Owls at Noon Prelude: The Hollow Men which was influenced by T. S. Eliot's poem.

Filmography

  • Olympia 52
    82', France, 1952
  • Les Statues meurent aussi – together with Alainem Resnais
    30', France, 1953
  • Dimanche à Pekin
    22', France, 1956
  • Lettre de Sibérie
    62', France, 1957
  • Les Astronautes-together with Walerian Borowczyk
    14', France, 1959
  • Description d'un combat
    60', France/Israel, 1960
  • ¡Cuba Sí!
    50', France, 1961
  • La Jetée/ The Pier
    28', France, 1962
  • Le Joli mai
    165', France, 1963
  • Le Mystère Koumiko
    54', France, 1965
  • Si j'avais quatre dromadaires
    46', France/Western Germany, 1966
  • Loin du Vietnam (115', France, 1967) – segment director
  • Rhodiacéta
    France, 1967
  • La Sixième face du pentagone – together with François Reichenbach
    28', France, 1968
  • À bientôt, j'espère
    55', France, 1968
  • On vous parle du Brésil
    20', France, 1969
  • Jour de tournage
    11', France, 1969
  • Les Mots ont un sens
    20', France, 1970
  • Carlos Marighela
    17', France, 1970
  • Le Train en marche
    32', France, 1971
  • La Bataille des dix millions
    58', France, 1971
  • On vous parle de Prague: le deuxième procès d'Artur London
    30', France, 1971
  • Vive la baleine
    30', France, 1972
  • L´Ambassade
    20', France, 1973
  • La Solitude du chanteur de fond
    60', France, 1974
  • Le Fond de l'air est rouge
    240', France, 1977
  • Junkopia
    6', France, 1981
  • Sans soleil/ Sunless
    100', France, 1983
  • 2084
    10', France, 1984
  • From Chris to Christo
    24', France, 1985
  • A.K.
    71', France/Japonsko, 1985
  • Mémoires pour Simone
    61', France, 1986
  • L´Héritage de la chouette
    France, 1989
  • Berliner Ballade
    25', France, 1990
  • Le Facteur sonne toujours cheval
    52', France, 1992
  • Le Tombeau d'Alexandre
    120', France, 1993
  • Cinéma de notre temps: une journée d'Andrei Arsenevitch
    55', France, 2000
  • Level Five
    110', France, 1997
  • Le Souvenir d'un avenir
    France, 2001
  • Chats perchés/ The Case of the Grinning Cat
    59', France, 2004
  • Leila Attacks
    1', France, 2006
  • Stopover In Dubai
    27', United Arab Emirates, 2011

Doc Alliance Members

Doc Alliance is a creative partnership of 7 key European documentary film festivals. Our aim is to advance the documentary genre, support its diversity and promote quality creative documentary films.