Robert Joseph Flaherty was born in 1884 in USA. He was sent to Upper Canada College in Toronto for his education. He later began his career as a prospector in the Hudson Bay region of Canada. His first film, Nanook of the North (1922), a dramatic interpretation of the Eskimo way of life, was based on 16 months of living with them and filming their lives. His film was an international success, and its subjective presentation of reality set a model of excellence for nonfiction filmmaking, foreshadowing the documentary movement of the 1930s. John Grierson, the founder of the movement, first used the term documentary in a reference to Flaherty’s film, Moana (1926), set in the South Seas, a record of a people untouched by the corruption of civilization.
In the 1930s and ’40s Flaherty’s most famous films were Tabu (1931), codirected with the German director F.W. Murnau, Industrial Britain (1932), made with John Grierson, Man of Aran (1934), The Land (1942), and Louisiana Story (1948).
Flaherty is considered a pioneer of documentary film. He was one of the first to combine documentary subjects with a fiction-film-like narrative and poetic treatment.
Doc Alliance is a creative partnership of 7 key European documentary film festivals. Our aim is to advance the documentary genre, support its diversity and promote quality creative documentary films.