Toyen

Direction
Year 
2005
Country
  • Czech Republic 
Duration
63min 
Audio Tracks 
Subtitles 

The title of the film refers to one of the most important names in 20th century Czech modern art, the artist and painter who went by the mysterious pseudonym of Toyen. Director Jan Němec, however, does not reconstruct her life (1902–1980) as documentary facts; it would be far more accurate to characterise this work as an idiosyncratic vision on the theme of Toyen and her destiny. Němec is guided by the intuition and empathy of a poet, linking up fragments and details in such a way that, via association, he begins to reveal what fired her imagination. He takes a close look round her bizarre small flat in Žižkov where she hid poet Jindřich Heisler during the war, he finds traces of their uneasy coexistence and captures fragments of their conversations. His camera lens notices faded photographs, small particulars of everyday life, structures of different types of materials, views from the window, the play of light on the walls of the room at various periods of the day... At no time does the film evoke an impression of connection; the image continually disintegrates, its shapes merge and spill over, and its transparent composition assumes a ghostly quality. Even Toyen herself (played by Zuzana Stivínová) only flickers across the screen, eclipsed by what look like half tangible, half abstract figures. We sense that the constant agitation of the artist’s creative spirit, even kindled by the slightest of impulses, attempts itself to determine the shape and rhythm of the film. This work also suggests that, years later, only nebulous contours have remained of Toyen’s and Heisler’s lives. Counter to their elusiveness stands the terrifying physical presence of two totalitarian regimes, here brought to mind in period documentary footage. The language of these documents is inexorable and evokes the brutal force which intruded upon their lives and against which, like every individual, they were defenceless. (Karlovy Vary IFF)

Jan Nemec, a leading filmmaker of the Czech New Wave, creates an original portrait of one of the most provocative artists of the 20th century: Toyen (Marie Cerminova). As a female artist, Toyen broke through the male-dominated art world to create paintings and drawings often erotic in nature. She co-founded the surrealist movement in her native Prague, survived the Nazis and the Communists, maintained artistic and personal relationships with artists Jindrich Heisler (whom she hid during WWII) and Jindrich Styrsky, and was an active member of the French surrealist circle. Toyen is an essay film which mixes archival footage with re-enactments, poems by Toyen, Heisler and Styrsky, and a visual palette and soundscape that penetrate the interior life of this enigmatic and great artist. "Toyen remains a unique way of approaching an artist's life..." (Peter Hames, Czech and Slovak Cinema).

Collections

Details

  • Original title
    Toyen
  • Direction
  • Screenplay
    Tereza Brdečková, Jan Němec (Původní filmový námět: Tereza Brdečková)
  • Cast
    Zuzana Stivínová, Jan Budař, Tobiáš Jirous, Marek Bouda (Komentář: Zuzana Stivínová, Jan Budař, Jan Němec)
  • DOP
    Jiří Maxa
  • Editing
    Michal Lánský
  • Sound
    Ivo Špalj
  • Duration
    63 min (46-90 min.)
  • Year
    2005
  • Country
    • Czech Republic
  • Colour
    • Colour
  • Production
      • Jan Němec - Film (Jan Němec,Hana Jarošová,Eva Kučerová,Iva Ruszeláková)
      • Czech Republic
      • e-mail: jnf@volny.cz
  • Distribution
  • Festivals
    • Karlovy Vary International Film Festival: TRIBUTE TO JAN NĚMEC 2006
    • The first full-career U.S. retrospective INDEPENDENT OF REALITY:THE FILMS OF JAN NĚMEC_Touring Retrospective_November 2013 - April 2014
    • International Film Festival Rotterdam 2015
    • FÚ Filmotéka Bratislava: HOMMAGE: JAN NĚMEC 2016
    • International Film Festival Rotterdam 2017
    • Made in Prague Festival, London: Jan Němec Retrospective 2017

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